Some types of work and decision making can be specified through policies, guidelines and rules that both guide behavior and limit freedom to make decisions and/or act.
A few examples:
Legal rules prescribe everything from lawful behavior to minimum wages
Risk management policies can govern types of investments, concentration limits, etc.
Human resource policies and guidelines guide behavior and narrow freedom to act in areas like compensation, human rights and ethical behavior
Sales and marketing policies can govern what qualifies as a target sales prospect
Procurement guidelines govern criteria for doing business with suppliers